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Agenda

Du 03/07/2017 au 04/07/2017

WORKSHOP - "Territorialities and power relationships in debates on sustainability challenges"

Les 3 et 4 juillet 2017, Maison Neuve, 1er étage

"Territorialities and power relationships in debates on sustainability challenges", organisé par Edith Kauffer (IMéRA fellow 2016-2017, AMU, CIESAS-Sureste)

Background :

The coordinators of the RISC working group on “Management of Strategic Resources, Environment and Society”, Dr. Carmen Maganda and Dr. Edith Kauffer, are proposing this event as a continuation of the successful writers´ workshop held in Helsinki in 2016 on the subject of Multidisciplinary Ethnographies of Power in Cross-Border Sustainable Development and Environmental Security Cases in collaboration with Dr. Anja Nygren and Dr. Lauri Siitonen (Development Studies Department at University of Helsinki). As a result of that workshop, six papers were sent to indexed journals, one was already published earlier this year and four are currently under peer-review evaluation.

Dr. Maganda and Dr. Kauffer would now like to repeat the formula in collaboration with the Institute for Advanced Study (IMERA) at Aix-Marseille University and expand the academic focus towards the direction of Territorialities and Power Relationships in Debates on Sustainability Challenges, including theoretical to empirical discussions, with a perspective of promoting the participation of Ph.D. candidates from different universities.

Objective :

To discuss the theoretical debates about territorialities and power relations in the face of the contemporary challenges for sustainability. The seminar will discuss both theoretical and empirical research results. The work will be developed under the methodology of a writers’ workshop divided in two sessions: the first with advanced papers that are ready for submission for publication and the second with papers that are at their initial stages.


Preliminary list of participants :

  • Edith Kauffer (Political science, IMéRA- Aix-Marseille University /CIESAS-Sureste)

"Mediterranean Transboundary River Basins: defining an universe of complex territories"

  • Carmen Maganda (Social anthropology, INECOL  and  Edith Kauffer, IMéRA- Aix-Marseille University /CIESAS-Sureste)

"Transboundary water management in Central America: a desirable regional shift from water security to water justice perspective"

  • Santiago Mejía (Political science, Ph.D. candidate Université du Luxembourg, UNILU)

"An approach to the Social Urbanism model. Challenges for sustainability in Medellin, Colombia"

  • Sandra Haebel (Political science, Ph.D. candidate Université du Luxembourg, UNILU)

"Normative power Europe or European normative powers ? A case study of EU development cooperation in Vietnam"

  • Emma Hakala (Political history and development studies, Ph.D candidate University of Helsinki)

"Securitization of the environment in the post-conflict Western Balkans: The human security approach in the programmes of international organisations."

  • Frédérique Blot (Geography, GEODE, Institut National Universitaire Champollion (INUC)- Université de Toulouse)

"Water management conflicts and sustainable development: a relational approach to integrate power relations"

  • Lucile Medina (Geography, ART-Dév, Université de Montepellier III) 

Title to be defined


Contact : kauffer69@hotmail.com

03/07/2017

Workshop - "Sustainability and population ethics"

Lundi 3 juillet 2017, 13h30-18h, Maison des astronomes, salle de conférences

"Sustainability and population ethics", par Gustaf Arrhenius, (director of the Institute for Future Studies, Stockholm, and professor of practical philosophy at Stockholm University), Geir B. Asheim, (professor of economics at the University of Oslo and resident at IMéRA), Axel Gosseries, (researcher FNRS (Belgium) and professor of philosophy at Chaire Hoover d'éthique économique et sociale at Université catholique de Louvain) & Stéphane Zuber, (researcher CNRS at Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne and Paris School of Economics)

The purpose of the workshop is to bring together economists and philosophers to discuss sustainability and population ethics. Policies that seek to reduce long-term environmental risks -- like those caused by greenhouse gas emissions -- have intergenerational consequences and will affect the number and identity of future people as well as the risk of human extinction. Therefore normative criteria used to evaluate such policies must consider how to weight the interests of present and future generations in a setting where population is variable.


 

Program :

13h30-14h30: Gustaf Arrhenius: "Population Ethics under Risk"
14h30-15h30: Geir B. Asheim: "Adapting the concept of Pareto-improvement to evaluate climate policies"
15h30-16h00: Coffee break
16h00-17h00: Stéphane Zuber: "Population-adjusted egalitarianism"
17h00-18h00: Axel Gosseries: "Intergenerational justice, sustainability and human extinction"

Gustaf Arrhenius (director of the Institute for Future Studies, Stockholm, and professor of practical philosophy at Stockholm University) :

  • "Population Ethics under Risk"

Abstract: Population axiology concerns how to evaluate populations in terms of their moral goodness, that is, how to order populations by the relations “is better than” and “is as good as”. The task has been to find an adequate theory about the moral value of states of affairs where the number of people, the quality of their lives, and their identities may vary. So far, this field has mainly ignored issues about uncertainty. Most public policy choices, however, are decisions under uncertainty, including policies which affect the size of a population. Here, we shall address the question of how to rank population prospects, that is, alternatives that contain uncertainty as to which population they will bring about, by the relations “is better than” and “is as good as”. We start by showing how some well-known population axiologies can be extended to population prospect axiologies. We then identify two intuitive adequacy conditions that, we contend, should be satisfied by any population prospect axiology. Finally, we show how given each condition, the impossibility theorems in population axiology can be extended to impossibility theorems for population prospect axiology (and not only for the trivial case where some particular population will result from a prospect for sure). Hence, as with much work in population ethics, the results of this paper are largely negative.

Geir B. Asheim (professor of economics at the University of Oslo and resident at IMéRA) :

  • "Adapting the concept of Pareto-improvement to evaluate climate policies"

Abstract: If it is possible to evaluate climate policies in terms of efficiency only, then the issue of a just distribution can be separated from the issue for internalizing the externalities caused by emission of greenhouse gases, perhaps increasing the likelihood that effective action against climate change will be taken. So how can the concept of Pareto-improvement be adapted for evaluating climate policies? Climate policies influences fertility leading to different future people and a different number of future people, thus limiting the applicability of the Pareto principle in this context. After discussing the usefulness of Suppes-Sen dominance, I argue that the externalities between dynasties (e.g., nation states) more than the intergenerational externalities are the source of the inefficiencies caused by greenhouse gas emissions. In this perspective, a Pareto‐improvement is possible in the sense of allowing all current representatives of the dynasties to gain. This leads to the following questions: (1) What is the normative status of such an agreement where the current representatives of different nation states negotiate and reach an efficient bargain that gains all parties? (2) What principles for Negishi weighting and time‐discounting should be applied if the numerical modeling of integrated assessment models seeks to provide advice concerning what climate policies such an efficient bargain should encompass?

Stéphane Zuber (researcher CNRS at Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne and Paris School of Economics) :

  • "Population-adjusted egalitarianism"

Abstract: Egalitarianism focuses on the wellbeing of the worst-off person. It has attracted a lot of attention in contemporary moral philosophy and in economic theory, for instance when dealing with the optimal intertemporal allocation of resources in relation to the question of sustainability. Economic theory has formalized egalitarianism through the Maximin and Leximin criteria. A problem however is to define how the Maximin or Leximin should be applied when population size may vary so that we need to compare populations with different sizes. In this paper, I present possible justifications of egalitarianism when considering populations with variable sizes. I then propose new versions of egalitarianism that encompass many views on how to trade-off population size and wellbeing. Finally, I discuss some implications of egalitarianism for the intertemporal allocation of resources and for optimal population size.

Axel Gosseries (researcher FNRS (Belgium) and professor of philosophy at Chaire Hoover d'éthique économique et sociale at Université catholique de Louvain) :

  • "Intergenerational justice, sustainability and human extinction"

Abstract: In this paper, I will try to clarify the relationship between the requirements of justice across birth cohorts, sustainability and anti-extinctionism. I will try and show why sustainability is neither necessary nor sufficient for intergenerational justice understood in leximin terms. And I will also explore the extent to which requirements of justice across birth cohorts and of sustainability presuppose anti-extinctionism, i.e. the view that there would be necessarily something wrong with the extinction of humankind.

web : http://folk.uio.no/gasheim/ 

tel : +47 455 05 136

Contact : g.b.asheim@econ.uio.no

Du 06/07/2017 au 07/07/2017

Séminaire - (macro) cosmos + (micro) cosmos

Jeudi 6 juillet 2017, 10h30 - 15h, Maison des astronomes, salles de conférences - entrée libre

(under) standing : (macro) cosmos + (micro) cosmos, organisé par Venzha Christiawan ( HONF Foundation, IMeRA fellow 2016 - 2017)

Short abstract :

(under) standing : (macro) cosmos + (micro) cosmos

Artists and scientists share a curiosity for the unknown, an appreciation for the beauty of the worlds they explore and an interest in creating something new. Both science and art are human attempts to understand and describe the world around us. One dominated by technical introverts, the other by expressive eccentrics. The subjects and methods have different traditions, and the intended audiences are different, but in fact that the motivations and goals are fundamentally the same. Science simply means finding out about stuff, but in that process science is the greatest driver of culture. We share because we are social creatures.

Program :

10.30am - 12.30pm : first session    

1.00pm - 2.00pm : lunch time (Indonesian food party)

2.00pm - 3.00pm : second session    (discussion)   


Liste des intervenants :

Frederic Zamkotsian / LAM - Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille

Thierry Botti / LAM - Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille

Ewen Chardronnet / AAA - Association of Autonomous Astronauts

Kevin Bartoli / a.k.a - Art Kill Art 

Nicolas Montgermont / nimon.org 

Lucien Gaudion / daath rec. + deletere

Marika Dermineur / RYBN.org 

Colette Tron / Alphabetville

Contact : venzha@yahoo.com

07/07/2017

Séminaire - « Pauvreté et changement climatique »

Vendredi 7 juillet 2017, 9h - 17h à la Villa Méditerranée, esplanade du J4 - 13002 Marseille - Entrée libre sur inscription (avant le 10 juin) ici.

« Pauvreté et changement climatique »

Un événement organisé par AMU et l'IRD, dans le cadre du "Campus pour la coopération et le développement", en partenariat avec la Villa Méditerranée.

Liste des participants :

  • Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim (coordinatrice de l’Association des femmes peules autochtones du Tchad)
  • Jean-Paul Moatti (président de l’IRD, membre du groupe d’experts internationaux chargés de rédiger le rapport de l’ONU sur le développement durable en 2019, GSDR)
  • Sylvie Daviet (vice-présidente des relations internationales AMU)
  • Mercedes Pascual (professeure à l’université de Chicago, département écologie et évolution)
  • Alain Trannoy (directeur d’AMSE, professeur AMU)
  • Jean-Pascal Van Ypersele (vice-président du GIEC de 2008 à 2015, membre du GSDR et physicien du climat)

Le séminaire sera suivi de deux tables rondes :

Table ronde 1 - « Développement durable, pauvreté et globalisation », organisée par Raouf Boucekkine (directeur de l’IMeRA, AMU)

Table ronde 2 - « Inégalités et changement climatique », organisée par Joël Guiot (directeur de recherche CNRS, Labex OT-MED, AMU)